Crypto Dictionary

All You Should Know about Altcoins

Alternative cryptocurrencies, called Altcoins, represent an interesting investment opportunity and a promise of a brave new tokenized world. Let's take a look at them closely.

In recent years, the cryptocurrency realm has expanded way beyond Bitcoin or Ethereum. Now, it includes a range of new and exciting virtual currencies known as altcoins.

These altcoins offer a range of features and benefits that may be of interest to investors and traders. In this article, we will examine all types of altcoins, and discuss their key features and potential benefits.

Key Takeaways

  • Altcoins are any type of cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin or Ethereum.
  • There are several types of altcoins, including stablecoins, utility tokens, governance tokens, and meme coins.
  • Some people invest in altcoins for the potential upside, while others use them for utility or speculation.
  • Altcoins are highly volatile and illiquid, and can be subject to scams and frauds.

What is Altcoin?

Altcoins are any type of cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin or Ethereum. These coins vary in quality and legitimacy, with some going on to gain large user bases while others fail to reach any meaningful adoption.

Most altcoins are created from either Bitcoin or Ethereum forks, with the two coins still remaining the most valuable cryptocurrencies in terms of market cap.

Altcoins can be created for a variety of reasons, such as to improve upon an existing coin or blockchain or to serve a specific purpose. Nowadays, there are hundreds of thousands of altcoins in circulation, with more being created every day. However, it is most likely that only a handful of them will survive the test of time.

Types of Altcoins

There are many types of altcoins to explore. Out of the thousands of altcoins available, most can be divided into the following categories: Stablecoins, Utility Tokens, Governance Tokens, and Meme Coins. 


Cryptocurrencies whose value is tied to another asset, usually U.S. dollars. Examples of stablecoins are USD Coin (USDC) and Binance Dollar (BUSD).

Utility tokens

They are used to access services within a blockchain network. Some examples of utility tokens are Basic Attention Tokens (BAT) and Funfair (FUN).

Governance tokens

These special tokens allow holders of certain cryptocurrencies to vote on community proposals that shape the future of the project. Examples of governance tokens include Maker (MKR) and Uniswap protocol token (UNI).

Meme coins

Increasingly popular meme coins are altcoins that are highly speculative and volatile, as their value is driven by hype and social media buzz. Notable meme coins include Dogecoin (DOGE) and Shiba Inu (SHIB).

What are Altcoins Good For?

The promise of utility is often a driving force behind a surge in the altcoin's price. Altcoins can be utilized for a variety of reasons, depending on the type of coin. Some altcoins are employed as a form of internal currency within a blockchain network. Others can be used as voting rights in all kinds of decentralized communities. Some are simply used for speculation.

Pros and Cons of Altcoins

As crypto has become increasingly popular, investors have been turning to altcoins as an investment opportunity. While there are potential benefits to investing in altcoins, it is important to understand the pros and cons before making any investment decisions. Let's take a look at the pros and cons of investing in altcoins:


  • Variability: There are thousands of altcoins, each with its own unique use case. 
  • Upside Potential: Altcoins can multiply in value much faster, thanks to their low market capitalization. 
  • Innovation: Altcoins bring new and innovative solutions to the market. 


  • Volatility: Altcoins are much more volatile than Bitcoin or Ethereum. 
  • Illiquidity: Altcoins are also much more illiquid and can drastically oscillate in value. 
  • Vaporware: Many altcoins can be considered vaporware because they have no real use case.
  • Scams: Altcoins are often the subject of scams and frauds.


What is the purpose of an Altcoin?

The purpose of an Altcoin is to offer users an alternative cryptocurrency to the existing market of leading digital currencies such as Bitcoin. Altcoins typically offer different features or attempt to solve different problems, then the existing leading digital currencies.

What are some examples of Altcoins?

Some popular examples of Altcoins include Ethereum, Shiba Inu, PancakeSwap Token, or Matic.

How do I purchase Altcoins?

You can purchase Altcoins on cryptocurrency exchanges, such as Coinbase, Binance, and Kraken. Alternatively, you can also swap them with other cryptocurrencies on Decentralized Exchanges such as Uniswap, Pancakeswap or 1inch.

Are Altcoins legal?

Generally speaking, Altcoins are legal in most countries. However, it is important to check the laws in your country as they may differ.

Are Altcoins secure?

Altcoins are generally not as secure as Bitcoin or Ethereum because they have not been around as long and they have not been tested as extensively. They're less popular, so there may be fewer people actively monitoring a given coin for suspicious activity.It is always important to do your own research to determine which ones are secure and which ones are not.

Disclaimer: The content of this piece reflects the writer's opinion. This article is not intended to provide financial advice and is meant solely for entertainment and educational purposes. Investing in cryptocurrency involves significant risk. Capital is at risk, and returns are not guaranteed. Always conduct your own research.

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